5ET331 Theology by Necessity. Change, Crisis and Development in Biblical Theology, 7.5 Credits
Biblical Studies
Spring 2018/2019 Jan - Mar (w04-w13). Language English.
Admission at universityadmissions.se or antagning.se, admission code: ET331
Entry requirements
General entry requirements for bachelor's level studies. 60 ECTS credits in theology, of which at least 15 credits from intermediate level and including a minimum of 7,5 credits from Old testament or New testament Readings.
Education Level
First cycle
Biblical texts have often been occasioned by profound theological crises. These in turn have a background in historical events or processes that force different and more appropriate theological constructions. This course analyzes the mechanisms of change in such processes. The purpose is to illustrate how a theology can result from a particular situation, and how texts in such situations often change both in scope and interpretation. The course covers a number of examples where these mechanisms of change have been particularly transformative in text and theology, such as the exile and the absence of the temple, hellenistic influence, the Roman occupation, Jesus' crucifixion, the so-called delay of the parousia, and the growing gap between early Judaism and the early Christian movement. The course also emphasizes the responsibility of the interpreter in the light of these changes.
At the end of the course, the student is expected to:
• demonstrate knowledge of the historical crises behind fundamental changes in the theology of biblical texts and their interpretations
• demonstrate an ability to formulate and discuss issues and tasks that contribute to the understanding of how biblical texts have been shaped
• demonstrate an ability to speak and write clearly about and account for the relationship between social crises and theological developments of biblical texts
• demonstrate a basic understanding of research in mechanisms of social change underlying the formation and re-interpretation of religious texts and biblical texts in particular, and demonstrate an ability to present research with both theological and ethical implications.
Albertz, R., 2003. Israel in Exile: The History and Literature of the Sixth Century B.C.E.Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature (460 s).

Lipschits, O. & Blenkinsopp, J. (red.), 2003. Judah and the Judeans in the Neo-Babylonian Period. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns. (230 s i urval).

Albertz, R. & Becking,B. (red.), 2003. Yahwism after the Exile: Perspectives on Israelite Religion in the Persian Era. Assen: Royal Van Gorcum. (150 s i urval).

Dunn, James D.G., 1991. The Partings of the Ways Between Christianity and Judaism and their Significance for the Character of Christianity. London: SCM (280 s).

Eberhart, Christian A., 2011. The Sacrifice of Jesus: Understanding Atonement Biblically. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress (134 s).
Finlan, Stephen, 2007. Options on Atonement in Christian Thought. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press (132 s).

Horsley, Richard A., 2008. Jesus in Context: Power, People and Performance. Minneapolis: Fortress (256 s).
Oakman, Douglas E. 2012. The Political Aims of Jesus. Minneapolis: Fortress. S. 2-138 (136 s).
Available as eBook via EbscoHost for students and staff.

Theissen, Gerd, 1999. The Religion of the Earliest Churches: Creating a Symbolic World.Minneapolis: Fortress. S. 207-248 (42 s). 

Ullucci, Daniel C., 2012. The Christian Rejection of Animal Sacrifice. Oxford: University Press (147 s).
Åke Viberg, Thomas Kazen
Exam Types
Oral examination, Papers, Seminars.
Grading Types
A = Excellent, B = Very good, C = Good, D = Satisfactory, E = Sufficient, FX = Insufficient, F = Insufficient
Additional Directives
Attendance at lectures and seminars is mandatory at Stockholm School of Theology.
Confirmed by Ämnesföreträdarkollegiet vid Teologiska högskolan Stockholm 2016-05-03
Revised 2017-02-22